The world is in agreement that ISIS is a terrorist group but is still confused about its true nature. No one yet knows how it started, who founded and still funding it and for what purpose. Even, once, the most vicious terrorist group that executed the 9/11 attack, Al-Qaeda, looks amateur compared to ISIS. Everything about this horrible group is a mystery. Why are they so powerful? Why are they very violent? Who and how they support themselves? How do they attract born and raised Europeans to fight with them? What are their goals? How come such a group has a PR that is like nothing seen before?
When the Nazi Germany started they knew what they wanted to achieve. They had a vision that was known to them and to their enemies. They believed their race is superior to others. They wanted to build their Aryan ruled empire. To achieve their mission the Nazi excelled in all sciences which of course meant they were well prepared in arms industry. The German were so advanced in technology it was with the help of a German scientist that the USA was able to send its first rocket to space, after WWII. Until today, “German Engineered” label is enough advertisement to sell any product. What the Nazis fail to understand is neither omniscience nor omnipotence nor does their make-belief supremacy can build a lasting empire.
So, if the Nazi with all their power and knowledge did not last how does ISIS expect it will survive?
What makes ISIS scarier than other terrorist groups is their delusional state of mind in establishing a Caliphate. How do a group of criminals who don’t have the minimum knowledge in building an average city let alone building an empire expect to achieve their goal? They know that the entire world is against them so how do they expect to continue if their survival depends on importing everything?
What ISIS failed to acknowledge is that during the Islamic Golden Age Muslims welcomed people, regardless of their religion, from all over the world not executing them. There was a period in time that both Baghdad and Andalusia were the center of the world. They were the places were discoveries in all field of sciences were made and new philosophies born. These cities were the focal point for Scientists, Philosophers and Islamic Scholars as well.
Here is an excerpt from Neil DeGrasse Tyson describing how Muslims lived centuries ago: “Among all the stars that have names two-thirds of them have Arabic names… How did this happen? Because the intellectual center of the world was Baghdad. Baghdad was completely open to all visitors, all travelers Jews, Christians, Doubters (which today we might call Atheists). They were all there exchanging ideas. And it was that period we had the advances like Engineering, Biology, Medicine, and Mathematics. Our Numerals are called What? Arabic Numerals. They fully exploit the discovery of the zero. Create a whole field called Algebra, itself is an Arabic word. Algorithm is an Arabic word.”
So, how would ISIS claim ideological supremacy over the world?
ISIS is no more than a group of sadistic individuals who were GIVEN finite resources and TOLD to do what they are doing to spread chaos in the region for whatever reason. Of course, I do not want to sound ignorant and say ISIS is not the Muslims’ problem. There are many factors, caused by both bad Islamic teachings and some political gains, which built the foundation for ISIS ideology. But their ideology would had never seen or known by the rest of the world if they didn’t receive the support from an outsider.
Who is this outsider that is supporting ISIS?
Because ISIS’ goal is so delusional and because its members are so chaotic, there are too many speculations about them. No one knows who founded ISIS and no one knows why. And because of their savages killing history no country or government will ever claim any association with them.
Below, is a list I collected from reading articles and listening to people that is categorized into: Who (is behind establishing ISIS), What (is the religion or affiliation of this supporting group) and Why (they established ISIS):
Who: The Syrian Regime
What: Baath party – Alawite (Shia)
Why: After losing its credibility, the Syrian regime helped establish ISIS. As everybody knows, ISIS indeed slowed the Syrian revolution. Syrian revolution in return has two enemies now; the Regime and ISIS. The advent of ISIS made it difficult for the world to take decisive decision to end the Syrian regime because the regime claims he is fighting terror (i.e., ISIS.)
Who: Former Iraqi Regime
Why: Revenge and to regain control. After the USA invaded Iraq they put the Shia in control which according to many sources they killed and prisoned many Iraqi Sunnis. ISIS came to stop Shia’s oppression against the Sunnis. The former Iraqi Baathi in ISIS explains why ISIS succeeded in their military tactics and advancement.
Both Naom Chomsky and Obama administration agree that the USA paved, unknowingly, the way for the existence of ISIS.
Why: To claim control over the region and to spread its ideology against the Sunni.
Why: Creating chaos in its enemy neighboring countries will exhaust Arab countries’ resources and become less dangerous to Israel.
Why: A crusade war to destroy Islam.
Why: The more ISIS kill people the more hatred Europeans will feel toward Muslims in Europe. One way to reduce number of Muslims in Europe.
Why: I have not read or heard much about this theory. Nevertheless, not participating or helping in fighting ISIS raises many questions about Turkey’s involvement with ISIS.
Who: Saudi Arabia/Wahabis/Salafis
Why: Saudi Arabia is the only country that is accused to be behind ISIS by many different groups; Arabs, Sunnis, Shias, Christians, Liberals, Americans and many others.
Many Americans believe that Saudi Arabia is behind ISIS because they claim their ideologies are the same. Some non-Muslims believe that ISIS is only following what is in the Quran and the teaching of Prophet Muhammad.
With the advent of ISIS came a vital change in the region. One that is unprecedented. Most Arab countries now enlisted the Muslim Brotherhood (MB) party as a terrorist group. The MB party is the biggest, wealthiest and most influential party in the Muslim world. They have followers all over the world. Any other political party in the region is a joke compared to them. Why the Arab Gulf countries HATE them I am not sure. But, here is one opinion I heard. Muslim Scholars (Salafis and Wahabis) in the Gulf oppose revolutions and standing up against the ruler NO MATTER WHAT. According to their ideology, the Muslim ruler should never forcefully be removed. Their point is revolutions lead to Muslims being indifferent which leads to killing. The MB party on the other hand believes a bad ruler should be changed, by force if needed. The MB tried to change the regime in Syria and killed the Egyptian president Saddat.
The list above contains theories only and none so far had been proven. Every day, we hear of a new accusation and a new theory. I think no group before had been so vague like ISIS.
I cannot point to one theory as the one I feel strong about but here is what I believe helped create ISIS:
I – External reasons:
- September 11th attack was a tragedy. Unfortunately, the USA’s magnitude of retaliation was irrational. A quick Google search on Iraq and Afghanistan wars and you will find shocking numbers.
- The tragedies committed in Iraq by private military companies along with what happened in Abu Gharib caused a lot of rage in the region.
II – Internal reasons:
- Poverty, oppression, political and social calamities
- Decades of hatred teaching toward others.
- Using religion for political gains
What makes ISIS more dangerous is succeeding in making itself unpredictable. When ISIS kidnapped the Jordanian pilot most Jordanians predicted that ISIS has no stake in killing him. During that time some Jordanians were still sympathizing with ISIS. By not killing the pilot ISIS would even gain more support. Therefore, it was a shock when ISIS burnt the pilot alive although the Jordanian government agreed on switching prisoners.
We tried to decipher ISIS but we failed. Believing that they are after a Caliphate doesn’t make any sense. Whether you believe they are doing what they are doing because they are following the teaching of Islam, or how they understand it, is irrelevant.
People in this region reached a point that we don’t care who created ISIS or who is supporting them or why. Like the rest of the world this region deserves to live in peace for once and for all!